Does Medicare Cover Electric Wheelchairs?

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Understanding the importance of access to mobile devices for individuals with limited mobility. One such device that can greatly enhance the quality of life for those individuals is an electric wheelchair. If you or a loved one requires an electric wheelchair, you may be wondering if Medicare provides coverage for this essential equipment. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the topic of Medicare coverage for electric wheelchairs and provide you with the information you need to make informed decisions.

Understanding Medicare Coverage for Electric Wheelchairs

Medicare is a federal health insurance program that primarily serves individuals 65 years of age or older, as well as certain individuals with disabilities. It is divided into parts: Part A, Part B, Part C (Medicare Advantage), and Part D (prescription drug coverage). When it comes to electric wheelchairs, the coverage primarily falls under Part B, which covers medically necessary durable medical equipment (DME).

Criteria for Medicare Coverage

For Medicare to cover an electric wheelchair, certain criteria must be met. The eligibility requirements are established to ensure that the equipment is medically necessary and appropriate for the individual’s condition. Here are some key factors that Medicare considers:

  • Face-to-Face Examination: A face-to-face examination by a healthcare provider is required to determine the need for an electric wheelchair.
  • Mobility Limitations: The individual must have a mobility limitation that significantly impairs their ability to move around their home.
  • Doctor’s Prescription: A doctor must provide a written prescription specifying the medical necessity of an electric wheelchair.
  • Documentation: Detailed documentation that supports the medical need for an electric wheelchair is required.
  • Supplier Enrollment: The supplier of the electric wheelchair must be enrolled in Medicare.

Coverage Options for Electric Wheelchairs

Medicare offers coverage for both electric-powered wheelchairs and manual wheelchairs, depending on the individual’s needs and circumstances. Here are the different coverage options available:

  • Standard Electric Wheelchair: Medicare provides coverage for a standard electric wheelchair that is deemed medically necessary.
  • Customized Electric Wheelchair: If an individual requires a customized electric wheelchair to meet their specific needs, Medicare may cover the base cost of the equipment, and the individual is responsible for the additional costs associated with customization.
  • Maintenance and Repairs: Medicare also covers necessary repairs and maintenance for electric wheelchairs.

Steps to Obtain Medicare Coverage for an Electric Wheelchair

To obtain Medicare coverage for an electric wheelchair, it is essential to follow the necessary steps outlined below:

  • Consultation with Healthcare Provider: Schedule a consultation with your healthcare provider to discuss your mobility limitations and determine if an electric wheelchair is medically necessary.
  • Obtain a Written Prescription: Obtain a written prescription from your doctor that clearly states the medical need for an electric wheelchair.
  • Choose a Medicare-Approved Supplier: Select a supplier that is enrolled in Medicare and is authorized to provide electric wheelchairs.
  • Submit Documentation: Work closely with your healthcare provider and the supplier to ensure that all required documentation is submitted accurately and promptly.
  • Coverage Determination: Medicare will review the documentation and make a coverage determination based on the established criteria.
  • Payment and Rental Options: Depending on the coverage determination, Medicare may either purchase the electric wheelchair for you or provide it as a rental.


In conclusion, Medicare does offer coverage for electric wheelchairs under certain circumstances. By understanding the criteria and following the necessary steps, you can access the mobility device you need. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider and work with a Medicare-approved supplier to ensure a smooth process.


  • Medicare provides coverage for electric wheelchairs that meet the established criteria.
  • Eligibility requirements include a face-to-face examination, mobility limitations, a doctor’s prescription, and detailed documentation.
  • Medicare covers both standard and customized electric wheelchairs, as well as maintenance and repairs.
  • To obtain coverage, consult with your healthcare provider, choose a Medicare-approved supplier, and submit the required documentation.
  • Additional information can be found on the official Medicare website, CMS, and the Administration for Community Living.

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