Does Medicare Cover Plastic Surgery?

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Medicare is a federal health insurance program primarily designed to provide coverage for individuals aged 65 and older, as well as certain younger individuals with disabilities. It consists of different parts, each offering specific benefits:

Medicare Part A: Hospital Insurance

Medicare Part A primarily covers inpatient hospital care, skilled nursing facility care, hospice care, and limited home healthcare services. However, when it comes to plastic surgery, Medicare Part A generally does not provide coverage for cosmetic procedures that are performed solely for aesthetic purposes.

Medicare Part B: Medical Insurance

Medicare Part B focuses on medical services and supplies that are necessary to diagnose and treat medical conditions. While Part B covers a wide range of services, including doctor visits, preventive care, and durable medical equipment, it generally does not cover cosmetic surgery either.

However, there are cases where Medicare Part B may cover plastic surgery if it is deemed medically necessary. This means that the surgery must be required to improve or restore the function of a body part or to correct a deformity caused by trauma, disease, or congenital abnormality.

Medicare Advantage Plans

Medicare Advantage (Part C) is an alternative to Original Medicare (Parts A and B). These plans are offered by private insurance companies approved by Medicare. Medicare Advantage plans must provide at least the same coverage as Original Medicare, but they may also offer additional benefits.

While coverage for plastic surgery under Medicare Advantage plans can vary, some plans may provide coverage for medically necessary plastic surgery procedures. It is important to review the specific details of your Medicare Advantage plan to understand the extent of coverage it offers.

Medicare Part D: Prescription Drug Coverage

Medicare Part D focuses on prescription drug coverage. This part of Medicare does not generally provide coverage for plastic surgery procedures, as they are considered elective and not directly related to the treatment of medical conditions.

Determining Medical Necessity

To determine whether a plastic surgery procedure is medically necessary, Medicare follows certain guidelines. The decision is typically based on whether the procedure is required to treat or correct a functional impairment or deformity.

The following factors are considered when evaluating the medical necessity of a plastic surgery procedure:

  1. The severity of the condition: Medicare assesses the severity of the functional impairment or deformity and determines whether the surgery is the appropriate course of treatment.
  2. Alternative treatments: Medicare considers whether there are alternative treatments available that could provide the same or similar results without the need for surgery.
  3. Supporting documentation: Medical records and documentation from healthcare professionals play a crucial role in establishing the medical necessity of a plastic surgery procedure.

It is important to note that Medicare’s coverage policies can evolve and change over time. Therefore, it is recommended to consult with Medicare directly or review the latest guidelines to ensure you have the most up-to-date information regarding coverage for plastic surgery.

Additional Resources

For further information and resources on Medicare coverage for plastic surgery, here are some useful links:


In conclusion, Medicare generally does not cover cosmetic plastic surgery procedures that are solely for aesthetic purposes. However, if the surgery is deemed medically necessary to treat or correct a functional impairment or deformity, Medicare may provide coverage. It is crucial to consult with Medicare directly and review the specific details of your plan to understand the extent of coverage it offers for plastic surgery.

  • Medicare primarily does not cover cosmetic plastic surgery for aesthetic purposes.
  • Medicare may cover plastic surgery if it is deemed medically necessary to treat or correct a functional impairment or deformity.
  • Medicare Advantage plans may offer coverage for medically necessary plastic surgery procedures, but the extent of coverage varies.

Useful URLs related to Medicare coverage for plastic surgery:

  1. – Coverage for Plastic Surgery
  2. National Institutes of Health – Medicare Coverage for Cosmetic Surgery
  3. American Society of Plastic Surgeons – Medicare Coverage Policies

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