Does Medicare Cover Vascepa?

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Before exploring Medicare coverage for Vascepa, let’s first understand what Vascepa is and how it can benefit individuals with certain medical conditions. Vascepa is a prescription medication that contains icosapent ethyl, a type of omega-3 fatty acid. It is commonly used to treat patients with high levels of triglycerides, a type of fat found in the blood. High triglyceride levels can increase the risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular complications.

Medicare Part D Coverage

Medicare is a federal health insurance program primarily designed for individuals aged 65 and older. When it comes to prescription medications like Vascepa, coverage is typically provided through Medicare Part D. Medicare Part D is an optional program that offers prescription drug coverage to Medicare beneficiaries.

To determine whether Vascepa is covered under your Medicare Part D plan, it is essential to review the formulary associated with your specific plan. A formulary is a list of medications covered by a particular insurance plan. Insurance companies frequently update their formularies, so it’s crucial to stay informed about any changes that might affect your coverage.

Medicare Advantage Plans

In addition to Medicare Part D, some individuals may have coverage through Medicare Advantage plans, also known as Medicare Part C. These plans are offered by private insurance companies approved by Medicare. Medicare Advantage plans are an alternative to Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) and often provide additional coverage, including prescription drugs.

If you have a Medicare Advantage plan, the coverage for Vascepa may vary depending on the specific plan you have chosen. As with Medicare Part D, it is necessary to review the formulary associated with your Medicare Advantage plan to determine the level of coverage for Vascepa.

Prior Authorization and Step Therapy

It’s important to note that even if Vascepa is covered under your Medicare Part D or Medicare Advantage plan, certain restrictions may apply. Insurance providers may require prior authorization or step therapy before granting coverage for Vascepa.

Prior authorization is a process that requires your healthcare provider to obtain approval from your insurance company before prescribing Vascepa. This is done to ensure that the medication is medically necessary and appropriate for your specific condition.

Step therapy, on the other hand, is a process that requires you to try less expensive or alternative medications before progressing to Vascepa. If the alternative medications are ineffective or produce adverse side effects, step therapy criteria may be met, and coverage for Vascepa can be granted.


In conclusion, Medicare coverage for Vascepa can vary depending on the specific Part D or Medicare Advantage plan you have. It is essential to review your plan’s formulary and consider any prior authorization or step therapy requirements that may apply. By staying informed and utilizing the available resources, you can make informed decisions regarding your healthcare needs.

Additional Resources

Understanding Medicare coverage for specific medications can be challenging, but there are resources available to help you navigate this process. Here are some useful links that provide further information on Medicare coverage for Vascepa:

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