Does Medicare or Medicaid Cover Breast Reduction Surgery?

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Breast reduction surgery, also known as reduction mammoplasty, is a medical procedure that aims to reduce the size of breasts by removing excess fat, glandular tissue, and skin. It is often sought by individuals experiencing physical discomfort or psychological distress due to the disproportionate size of their breasts. However, when considering breast reduction surgery, many people wonder whether Medicare or Medicaid provides coverage for this procedure.

Coverage for Breast Reduction Surgery by Medicare

Medicare is a federal health insurance program that primarily serves individuals aged 65 and older. It consists of different parts, namely Part A (hospital insurance), Part B (medical insurance), Part C (Medicare Advantage plans), and Part D (prescription drug coverage). When it comes to breast reduction surgery, Medicare coverage varies depending on the circumstances and medical necessity.

  1. Medicare Part A Coverage: Part A generally covers hospital services, but it does not typically include cosmetic surgeries such as breast reduction. However, if the procedure is deemed medically necessary, Medicare Part A may cover the associated hospital costs.
  2. Medicare Part B Coverage: Part B covers medically necessary services and preventive care. While breast reduction surgery is usually considered elective and cosmetic, there are instances where Medicare Part B may provide coverage. If the procedure is deemed medically necessary to treat conditions such as chronic back or neck pain, skin irritation, or other related health issues, Medicare Part B may cover a portion of the costs.
  3. Medicare Advantage Plans: Medicare Advantage plans (Part C) are offered by private insurance companies approved by Medicare. These plans provide the same coverage as Original Medicare (Part A and Part B), and some may offer additional benefits. The coverage for breast reduction surgery under Medicare Advantage plans varies, so it’s important to review the specific plan details to determine if it is covered.
  4. Medicare Part D Coverage: Medicare Part D is focused on prescription drug coverage and does not typically include coverage for breast reduction surgery.

It is essential to consult with your healthcare provider and Medicare directly to determine if your specific case meets the criteria for coverage under Medicare.

Coverage for Breast Reduction Surgery by Medicaid

Medicaid is a joint federal and state program that provides health coverage to individuals with low income and limited resources. Each state operates its own Medicaid program within federal guidelines, resulting in variations in coverage and eligibility requirements. When it comes to breast reduction surgery, Medicaid coverage also depends on various factors.

  1. State-Specific Coverage: Medicaid coverage for breast reduction surgery varies by state. Some states may cover the procedure if it is deemed medically necessary and meets specific criteria, while others may consider it as an elective or cosmetic procedure and not provide coverage.
  2. Medical Necessity: Medicaid typically covers procedures that are medically necessary. If breast reduction surgery is deemed necessary to alleviate physical or psychological discomfort, such as chronic pain or mental distress, Medicaid may cover the costs.
  3. Documentation and Prior Authorization: Medicaid often requires detailed documentation from healthcare providers to demonstrate medical necessity. Prior authorization may also be required before undergoing the procedure, so it is important to consult with your Medicaid provider and healthcare professionals to understand the specific requirements.

It is crucial to research and contact your state’s Medicaid program to inquire about the coverage for breast reduction surgery and determine if you meet the eligibility criteria.

Alternative Options and Considerations

If Medicare or Medicaid does not cover breast reduction surgery or if you are ineligible for coverage, there are alternative options to explore. These may include:

  1. Private Health Insurance: Private health insurance plans vary in coverage, so it is important to review your plan details or contact your insurance provider to determine if breast reduction surgery is covered.
  2. Financing and Payment Plans: Some healthcare facilities offer financing options or payment plans to make breast reduction surgery more affordable. Consulting with healthcare providers and facilities can help you explore these options.
  3. Charitable Organizations and Grants: Certain charitable organizations and grants provide financial assistance or scholarships for individuals seeking breast reduction surgery. Researching and contacting such organizations may provide additional support.


  • Medicare coverage for breast reduction surgery varies depending on the medical necessity and specific Medicare parts.
  • Medicaid coverage for breast reduction surgery varies by state and depends on factors such as medical necessity and state-specific guidelines.
  • Private health insurance, financing options, and charitable organizations may offer alternative options for coverage and financial assistance.

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