Medicare Coverage for Mastectomy: Ensuring Comprehensive Breast Cancer Care

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Understanding Medicare Coverage for Mastectomy

Medicare Part A Coverage

Under Medicare Part A, which primarily covers hospital services, beneficiaries are eligible for coverage related to mastectomy procedures. This includes:

  1. Inpatient Hospital Stays: Medicare Part A covers the costs associated with the hospital stay for the mastectomy surgery. This typically includes the operating room expenses, nursing care, and necessary medications administered during the hospitalization period.
  2. Pre- and Post-Operative Services: Medicare covers pre-operative consultations, diagnostic tests, and examinations leading up to the mastectomy surgery. Additionally, necessary post-operative services such as wound care and follow-up visits are also covered.
  3. Reconstructive Surgery: Medicare provides coverage for breast reconstruction surgery following mastectomy. This includes reconstructive procedures for both breasts to achieve symmetry if desired, as well as necessary post-operative care.

Medicare Part B Coverage

Medicare Part B, which covers outpatient services and medical supplies, also plays a crucial role in the coverage for mastectomy-related expenses. Beneficiaries can expect coverage for the following:

  1. Surgeon’s Fees: Medicare Part B covers the fees associated with the mastectomy procedure performed by a surgeon, both for the primary surgery and any subsequent revisions or follow-up surgeries.
  2. Prosthetic Devices: Medicare provides coverage for breast prostheses (artificial breasts) after mastectomy. This includes the cost of fitting, adjustments, and replacements when necessary.
  3. External Breast Prostheses: Medicare also covers external breast prostheses, which are designed to be worn with a bra or attached directly to the skin. Coverage extends to replacements needed due to wear and tear or changes in the individual’s condition.

Medicare Part D Coverage

Medicare Part D, the prescription drug coverage component of Medicare, may provide coverage for prescription medications necessary during and after mastectomy. This includes pain medications, antibiotics, hormone therapy, and other medications prescribed by the treating physician.

Eligibility for Medicare Coverage

To be eligible for Medicare coverage for mastectomy, beneficiaries must meet certain criteria. Generally, individuals who qualify for Medicare include:

  • Individuals aged 65 or older who have worked and paid Medicare taxes for at least ten years.
  • Individuals under the age of 65 with certain disabilities who have been receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) for at least 24 months.
  • Individuals of any age with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).

It’s important to note that coverage and eligibility may vary based on specific circumstances, and it is advisable to consult with a Medicare representative or healthcare professional for personalized information.

Additional Resources for Mastectomy Coverage

Navigating Medicare coverage for mastectomy and related services can be complex. Fortunately, several resources are available to provide further information and assistance:

  1. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS): Visit the official CMS website for comprehensive information on Medicare coverage, eligibility requirements, and related services. CMS Website
  2. National Cancer Institute (NCI): The NCI is a valuable resource for individuals seeking information about breast cancer treatment options, clinical trials, and supportive services. NCI Website
  3. Breast This nonprofit organization offers a wealth of information on breast cancer, including treatment options, support groups, and resources for navigating insurance coverage. Breast
  4. American Cancer Society (ACS): The ACS provides a range of support services, including information on financial assistance programs, transportation services, and support groups for individuals undergoing treatment for breast cancer. ACS Website


Breast cancer can be a challenging journey, and we are committed to helping individuals access the care they need. With Medicare’s coverage for mastectomy-related services, beneficiaries can find reassurance knowing that they have support in their fight against breast cancer.

Remember, each individual’s circumstances may vary, and it is advisable to consult with Medicare representatives or healthcare professionals for specific coverage details based on your situation. With the right resources and support, you can navigate the path to recovery with confidence.


  • Medicare provides comprehensive coverage for mastectomy procedures, including inpatient hospital stays, pre- and post-operative services, and breast reconstruction surgery.
  • Medicare Part B covers surgeon’s fees, prosthetic devices, and external breast prostheses, while Part D may provide coverage for necessary prescription medications.
  • Eligibility for Medicare coverage is based on age, work history, disability status, or specific medical conditions.
  • Additional resources, such as CMS, NCI, Breast, and ACS, offer valuable information and support for individuals seeking further guidance on mastectomy coverage and breast cancer treatment.

Useful Links:

  1. CMS Website
  2. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Website
  3. Breast
  4. American Cancer Society (ACS) Website

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