Medicare Coverage for Restless Legs Syndrome: A Comprehensive Guide

Home » Resources » Medicare Coverage for Restless Legs Syndrome: A Comprehensive Guide

Restless Legs Syndrome, commonly referred to as RLS, is a neurological disorder characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs, usually accompanied by uncomfortable sensations. These sensations often occur when the person is at rest or trying to sleep, leading to sleep disturbances and a decreased quality of life. RLS can affect people of all ages, but it is more prevalent among older adults.

Medicare Coverage for Restless Legs Syndrome

Medicare provides coverage for a wide range of medical services and treatments, including those related to restless legs syndrome. Here’s a breakdown of the different aspects of Medicare coverage for RLS:

1. Diagnosis and Medical Services

Medicare Part B covers medically necessary services for the diagnosis and treatment of restless legs syndrome. This includes visits to healthcare professionals, such as doctors and specialists, who can evaluate your symptoms and provide appropriate treatment recommendations. Medicare typically covers diagnostic tests, such as blood tests or polysomnography (a sleep study), to help diagnose RLS and rule out other underlying conditions.

2. Medications

Medicare Part D, the prescription drug coverage, plays a crucial role in providing access to medications for managing restless legs syndrome. Several medications are available to alleviate RLS symptoms, including dopamine agonists, opioids, and anticonvulsants. The specific coverage and cost-sharing details can vary depending on the Part D plan you choose, so it’s essential to review the formulary and seek assistance from your Medicare Part D provider.

3. Durable Medical Equipment (DME)

If your healthcare provider prescribes the use of durable medical equipment (DME) to manage restless legs syndrome, Medicare Part B may provide coverage. Examples of DME that could be beneficial for individuals with RLS include pneumatic compression devices, which can improve circulation, and leg braces or splints, which can help with symptom relief. It’s important to consult with your healthcare provider to determine if DME is appropriate for your specific needs and if it qualifies for Medicare coverage.

4. Lifestyle Modifications and Non-Medical Therapies

In addition to medical interventions, making certain lifestyle modifications and trying non-medical therapies can contribute to the management of restless legs syndrome. While Medicare does not typically cover alternative therapies like acupuncture or massage therapy, it’s worth exploring these options as they may provide relief for some individuals. Engaging in regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, and managing stress levels are lifestyle modifications that can potentially improve RLS symptoms.


This comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable insights into Medicare coverage for restless legs syndrome. Understanding the coverage options available can help you make informed decisions about your healthcare and ensure access to necessary treatments and services. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider and review your specific Medicare plan details for accurate information regarding coverage and costs. Managing restless legs syndrome is a journey, and with the right resources and support, you can find relief and improve your overall quality of life.


  • Medicare provides coverage for restless legs syndrome diagnosis, treatment, and related medical services.
  • Medicare Part B covers visits to healthcare professionals and diagnostic tests for RLS.
  • Medicare Part D offers coverage for medications used to manage restless legs syndrome.
  • Medicare Part B may provide coverage for durable medical equipment (DME) prescribed for RLS.
  • Exploring lifestyle modifications and non-medical therapies can complement medical interventions for RLS.

Helpful Resources:

  1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke – Restless Legs Syndrome Information Page
  2. Mayo Clinic – Restless Legs Syndrome
  3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – Medicare
  4. National Sleep Foundation – Restless Legs Syndrome

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